Like Clockwork, They Appear!

May 19, 2015

It had barely begun to warm up. Snow flurries were still part of our world. Yet at the end of March, three creature-species made their appearance in the house: the fly, the ant and the ladybug. Apparently, the weather outside does not matter to them. They live and emerge on their own time clock. If the ants have appeared, what was to follow? It can surely only mean that other little critters of nature cannot be far behind.

As we enter the warm weather months, we will again have to deal with mosquitoes and ticks, both of which can cause illness in animals and in humans.  As most people know, mosquitoes have been associated with the transmission of West Nile Virus. This virus infects and kills wild birds. It can also infect humans through the bite of a mosquito. Fortunately, the number of severe human cases of West Nile Virus in Connecticut has been very low. (There may be milder cases that have gone undiagnosed.) However, you can expect that West Nile will surface again this year. You can take actions to prevent becoming infected by this virus. These actions are simple to take, and have been demonstrated (through scientific studies) to provide great protection.

 #1. Use an insect repellent. Not only will this protect you from mosquito bites, but it will also decrease the chance of a tick bite. Caution should be used when applying repellents, especially on children. Read the directions for use on the product label. (They are there for a reason!) Apply to clothing rather than skin when possible.  Do not use any of them on damaged skin.  Do not apply to face area or hands.  Wash off when you return indoors. 

#2. Reduce mosquito populations from your yard. Since any water-holding container can become a breeding ground for mosquitoes, you should eliminate sources around your home that collect water.  Mosquitos need very little water and very little time to breed. Breeding grounds can include something as small as the dish under a plant to larger collection sources, such as a birdbath, pool covers or clogged roof gutters.  Any standing source of un-aerated water (water without movement) can breed a lot of mosquitoes.  

 Actions you can take to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds include: Repair leaky pipes and outside dripping faucets; Change water in birdbaths frequently; Change water in pet’s dish and chicken coops daily;  Empty children’s pool daily; Clean clogged roof gutters; Fill in holes in trees with sand or mortar; Stock ornamental ponds with mosquito-eating fish; and drain flower pot/plant dishes two times per week. For stagnant water that can’t be drained there are products you can buy that help reduce mosquito populations. They are called mosquito dunks and are available in most hardware stores. 

            For more information on West Nile, visit www.cdc.gov/westnile. For information on ticks, visit  www.cdc.gov/ticks. Quinnipiack Valley Health District residents (Bethany, Hamden, North Haven and Woodbridge) without internet access can request an informational packed on West Nile, repellents and Tick-borne illness by calling 203 248-4528 or request via email, dculligan@qvhd.org